The Nonviolent Radical Party, Transnational and Transparty (NRPTT) is a nonviolent organization following Gandhian principles. Its symbol is a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi constructed from the words “Radical Party” written in over 50 languages. In its campaigns NRPTT proposes and promotes policies aimed at improving human rights implementation and the international Rule of Law. It encourages its members to pursue nonviolent actions that induce cross-border national and international institutions to comply with international human rights law and principles. The party does not participate in national, regional or local elections.
The NRPTT is registered as a non-governmental organization (NGO) with general category consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) since 1995. In this framework, the NRPTT has made it possible for a large number of people and organizations working in the field of democracy and human rights to be represented at the UN Human Rights Council and to present their claims in that forum to State representatives, diplomats, international media and other NGOs.
For these reasons, on several occasions, the NRPTT has been subjected to requests for sanctions by the Russian Federation and Vietnam, who, with the support of China, Iran and other totalitarian or authoritarian states, have requested the exclusion of the party accusing it of being “guilty” of giving non-represented peoples the possibility to present their case before the highest international institution. These processes have, on two occasions, led to a vote being taken at ECOSOC and said votes confirmed the correctness of NRPTT’s actions: this was the first occasion when a vote of this nature at the UN led to an NGO prevailing over a Member State.
Since obtaining consultative status with ECOSOC, the NRPTT has participated in the work of various UN bodies on matters relating to the promotion of civil and political rights; the support of bilateral and multilateral actions for the promotion of democracy in the world; the support of the activities of the ad hoc Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda; the establishment of the International Criminal Court, the statute of which was voted on in Rome in 1998 following a long campaign by the NRPTT; the adoption of the resolution for a moratorium on executions by the UN General Assembly; and the adoption by the General Assembly of the Universal Ban on Female Genital Mutilation.
During this time the NRPTT has sustained relationships with various international NGOs, as well as unrepresented peoples and those in political exile to help them publicize their cases and to keep decision-making bodies informed. These groups include, for example, Tibetans, Uighurs, Degar (also known as Montagnards), Kosovar Albanians, Chechens, as well as political dissidents from South-East Asia, the Balkans, Middle East, and the African continent.
Other campaigns have received the support of prominent figures, such as the Appeal by Nobel Peace Laureates against starvation in the world. Launched in 1979, the NRPTT denounced the risk of a new “holocaust” due to starvation in numerous countries around the world as a consequence of the international economic disorder. The campaign against starvation in the world aimed in the first place to ensure that Governments and the International Comunity maintained the promises made at the Global Conference on Food held in Rome in 1974. After numerous hunger strikes and parliamentary actions, in 1981, Food and Disarmament International is founded in Brussels to bring all partners together in this common struggle and mobilize public opinion on the matter. Similar actions were mounted with the Appeal launched by Luca Coscioni, Professor in Economics, affected by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Fifty Nobel Prize Laureates and hundreds of scientists around the world signed and shared his Appeal for Freedom of Scientific Research.
The NRPTT aims at promoting an international policy of rule of law, human rights, freedom and democracy, by amending a ‘process’ that has permitted economic and social development in many parts of the world, the effect of which continues to be unavailable to a large proportion of the population. Many peoples, be it minorities, non-represented Nations and Peoples, and even large majorities remain oppressed by a national and international order that fails to put their civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights at the heart of public policy. The fact that entire populations are deprived of their fundamental rights is still not considered as a priority by States and international organizations. This is why the NRPTT has launched and continues to draw attention to the need for a global SOS on the Rule of Law, for the full implementation of all human rights and democratic standards around the world.
The NRPTT maintains the view that at the present time such an ideal is absent in all countries, even within so-called established democracies. Recent reports confirm that democracy is in decline worldwide, and with it human rights violations are augmenting, both domestically and in foreign affairs. Current campaigns are therefore focused on the common transition towards the Rule of Law; the need to recognize the human right to know, as the citizen’s fundamental right to know what, how and why Governments decide in their name at all levels; “just justice” as the basis for any Rule of Law system; and the United States of Europe, as an antidote to the current state of the European Union, moving further and further away from the promotion of the ideals it stands for in its founding Charters, both domestically and abroad.